Impact of COVID-19 on Education

Reading Time: 5 minutes
Impact of COVID-19 on Education
Impact of COVID-19 on Education

Due to Coronavirus Pandemic, many Educational Institutions were closed in a measure towards the prevention of the spread of Coronavirus, now it’s been closed since months and there is no certainty of reopening. This is a crucial time for various Institutions as well as for Entrance exams, as they were going to conduct exams during this time period.

So, no matter what COVID-19 had affected us in many ways, we have listed down some of its positives and negatives on our Education System, like a coin has two sides positive and negative side:

Positive Impact:-

Impact of COVID-19 on Education

Learn interest in the field: – An​ ability to learn in the time of this internet age, everyone has access to information and it allows everyone to learn the things of their choices of interests. Students can explore many fields whichever they feel excited about. Learning from online resources have made students more self-dependent and curious in their field of interest.

Impact of COVID-19 on Education

Availability of Resources at any Time ​ – The students who are studying from online classes are able to record lectures for future references which might not be possible in our traditional offline classes.​

Impact of COVID-19 on Education

Changes in Education Policies – Our Indian Education got revised during this pandemic as most offline learning was a part of barrier, so to deal with those barriers, New Education Policy was introduced in India. And this Policy will give multiple benefits to the students, like to College students will be provided some multiple Degrees based on the no. of years of study, and students will learn coding from early 6th standard. M​ultiple entries and exits from the chosen course are possible for the students. The focus will be on practical and application based knowledge. So the NEP will help students in many ways to brighten their future.

Negatives Impact:-

Impact of COVID-19 on Education

Distractions: – I​n the present day, social media has evolved leaps and bounds, with 90% of the world’s population using social media. So the devices which are provided to the students for studying instead of that they are actively used on social media i.e. N​etflix, amazon prime and Hulu etc…  which have the ability to steal someone’s time for hours due to the fact that students would much rather watch their favourite shows and movies rather than investing that time on other work or on their homework. It also provides a way to procrastinate the workload. It is difficult to focus on homework or notes in class if you are reading captions on Instagram or posting on Twitter about last night’s episode of your favourite TV show. Just thinking about your amount of followers or what you want to post later can also be distracting when trying to get work done.

Impact of COVID-19 on Education

Health Issues ​ : – S​eating in front of a screen for 4-5 hours affects a student psychologically and causes mental health issues. W​ith an increasing number of studying hours online, the number of health issues are also growing at a rapid pace. If you work in front of a computer for a few hours that too once in a while you may not be at a health risk. But if you spend about 4 hours or more everyday then you should probably keep a check on these health issues. Vision Problems, Headache, Stress disorders etc. these might also get developed, so it is necessary to keep monitor on our usage to avoid these Health problems.

Impact of COVID-19 on Education

Issues regarding Teaching methods: – F​aculties initially used to teach in classrooms but due to this covid impact, teachers had to shift online to teach students, and some faculties face issue over there, as there might be lack over the resources (i.e. Lack of Internet, Unavailability of Devices, etc.), or some have issue regarding how should they use devices to teach students. Unavailability of online Platforms is also the issue due to which proper online teaching methods are not getting applicable.

Impact of COVID-19 on Education

Recruitments Issue: – C​ollege students who had just graduated this year are facing issue regarding their placements, like due to covid impact, most of the Companies are struggling to survive in this Pandemic, as their profits are going down, they are facing losses, due to which they are not able to hire new graduates. Even Some Companies had fired some of the employees to recover their losses and to survive in market. Engineer’s ratio from core related fields maybe less and many such cases can be seen that many are opting for computer related or IT related fields or courses. Government may or may not invest for students of mechanical or civil after the outbreak.

Impact of COVID-19 on Education

Institutions Charging Full Fees ​ :- During this pandemic, where people are getting jobless, some are getting low salaries during this time, National Institutions charge full fees even charges regarding ( extra services ) and faculties are getting paid less for their teaching, so where does this extra money goes ? Just give it a thought….!!!

Conclusion :-

Impact of COVID-19 on Education

There are always pros and cons for a situation so better to focus on positive points to make a good future instead of complaining about the current situation. We should move ahead and wait for some time to get control on COVID-19. 

Everything happens for better reason, like during this we have New Education Policy, and we all Indians are pretty sure, that it will help our next generations for their future. So, Hope for the best and work on the betterment of our nation’s future.


Stay safe and keep enthusiasm!

Team CEV.

Customer Service in any Organization

Reading Time: 6 minutes


For any profit-based organization, it is often said, “Excellent customer service is the number one job in any company. It is the personality of the company and the reason customers come back. Without customers, there is no company.” This belief has helped many companies achieve success in their respective fields and in this blog I have discussed what really is Customer Service and share my experience of more than 30 years in the field.

So, product service is basically the provision of support (service) to the customer before, during, and after the purchase of the product. Whatever be the situation, the employees of the organization have to adjust themselves to the varying personalities of the customer to ensure success in the field of customer service and the overall success of the company. An organization that values customer service has to spend more resources on training employees/customers than an average organization.

Customer Service in any Organization

An important mantra that any organization should follow while training their employee is that they should believe in proactive customer service rather than reactive customer service. Proactive Customer Service refers to effective planning earlier to tackle all the situations customers put you in. Whereas, reactive customer service refers to acting spontaneously to the complaints of the customer. This often causes a panic situation in the company causing many extreme steps that could further affect the reputation of the organization. 


Role of Customer Service in any Business

Contrary to common misconception, Customer Service also plays a vital role in the overall sales process of the organization and generating revenue of the organization as in today’s industry a lot depends on the reputation of the company. Due to this perspective, customer service should be included as a part of the overall approach of the systematic improvement of the company. It is important to understand that even one good customer service provided can change the entire perception of the customer towards the company.

Customer Support doesn’t limit to just solving a client’s problems with the product. Once the customer buys the product from the organization, it is the organizations’ prime duty to help the customer that he/she uses the product right and cost-effective. To ensure this, the organization has to assist the customer in planning, installation, training, troubleshooting, maintenance, upgrading, and disposal of the product.


Customer Complaint Registration Process

Customer Service may be provided by a person (eg. service or sales representative) or by automated means such as digital kiosks, web sites, and mobile applications.

In the case of a person, a service representative is assigned for taking the complaint directly from the customer. He is basically the point of contact with the consumer for the company. He takes complaints from the customer and assigns the same to the concerned service engineer. The service representative ensures continuous feedback to the customer on the status of his/her complaint until the resolution of the complaint and subsequent feedback to the company from the customer. This has been the go-to mode of customer service for many years but the disadvantage of the method is the time constraint and difficulty in communication between many layers. But these problems are now getting minimized with the help of Automated Customer Service.

One of the advantages of Automated means is an increased ability to provide 24 * 7 hours service, which highly compliments with customers’ needs. Also, customer service is becoming data-driven. So these automated methods could be really helpful. Some of the most popular types of Automated Customer Service are :

i) Artificial Intelligence

ii) Touch-Tone Phone

iii) Online Commerce (Websites)


i) Artificial Intelligence

AI customer service technologies can highly reduce the workload of customer service representatives as it solves minor and some major frequent issues easily. Customers can visually interact with the company’s model and solve their complaints at their own level with the help of proper technology.

Two of the most significant ways AI is augmenting customer service is through AI-augmented messaging and AI email tagging. AI-augmented messaging enables customer service agents to handle a big part of customer queries with the help of chatbot assistants.

Customer Service in any Organization

ii) Touch-Tone Phone

Touch- Tone Phone refers to the customer service dealt with an augmented machine voice that interacts with the customers. It usually involves IVR (Interactive Voice Response), the main menu, and uses the keypad as options to react according to customer’s needs. You might have come across them when you dial mobile connection customer service. (Press 1 for English, 2 for Hindi!)

Customer Service in any Organization

iii) Online Commerce

In the present era organizations are enhancing and maintaining personal experience using the advantages of online commerce. Online customers are invisible and not connected directly which makes it very difficult to effectively communicate with them. Also due to this invisibility, it makes it even more crucial for the organization to create a sense of personal human to human connection. Artificial means of service enables the companies to provide automated online assistants to customers through websites. These methods highly reduce the operating and training costs for the organizations.


Measurement of Customer Service Result

It is very important to keep in check the service provided by the company to the customers and hence Measurement of Customer Service Result is very crucial. Customer Service could be measured in the following ways:- 

i) First Response Time

ii) Restoration Time

i) First Response Time

This indicates how fast an organization responds to the complaints registered by the customer. To ensure minimum response time, an organization must have sufficient manpower for engineers and technicians. Without manpower, it is very difficult to maintain a good first response time which further affects the company.

ii) Restoration Time

Once the response is provided, restoration time is the time by which the customer complaint is completely resolved. To ensure minimum restoration time, the company must have Trained and Manpower and Sufficient stock of Spare Parts.

If the engineer gives a prompt response to the customer’s complaint but he is not well trained by the organization on the product, he/she would be unable to understand the customer complaint and act on it. Hence the restoration time sways away from the target time. Again if a response is given and the engineer is well trained, but if no spare parts are required to solve the complaint’s problem, the restoration time is affected. So have a proactive customer service, the organization should always be well prepared. I have seen all types of situations and it is very important to be in constant touch with time.


Customer Satisfaction (CSAT)

 This term is frequently used by the marketing team of the company. It is a measure of how products supplied and services rendered to the customer has achieved or crossed the customer expectations. Customer satisfaction is defined as the number of customers or percentage of total customers, whose reported experience with the company, its products, or its service index exceeds specified satisfaction goals.

In marketing, the managers found customer satisfaction measuring system very useful in managing and monitoring their business. It is observed as a key performance indicator within business and is also a part of the scorecard analysis of the company. 

In today’s competitive world, customer satisfaction is seen as a key differentiator and increasingly has become a key element of business strategy. In a nutshell, Customer Service or Product Service has been a key industry for the past many years and with the advancements in current technology, customer service will find a new path but the score would remain the same.

Customer Service in any Organization

Mind your typing first !!

Reading Time: 5 minutesIf you have reached here, you are definitely intrigued to explore ways you can enhance your humble typing and get that much needed touch typing skill added to your accolades.

Its a subtle confession that when we see a developer typing his code into the terminal or an editor at blazing fast speeds, we all feel awe-inspired and amazed and just gawk at the marvel. If you are one amongst us who have always wanted to get better at typing but just don’t get the way of getting started then I guess you should be getting prepped up as the content coming ahead will help you do exactly that.

But before anything, one Important point that I would want to discuss is the plan that we will follow while learning “how to type — blazing fast!!”.

Some months ago, I came across a YouTube video. It is a short 20 mins Ted Talk by a man named Josh Kaufman who is essentially telling us about his research in which he reveals the secret of Learning anything in just 20 hours. I would highly recommend the reader to pause and watch the video before moving on with the story. It is a true treasure!



Well, hope you did watch the video 😛

Josh tells us one important thing that we often tend to forget :-

We are often not preparing to be the best in our field of learning. Most of the time we are just preparing to get good at that one skill.

It is quite important to understand this concept. I have had many personal experiences myself in which I have procrastinated learning a skill, just for the fact that it seemed really overwhelming at first. I used to evaluate the learning curve in my mind and believe it to be very steep as if it would drain my soul equivalent to climbing Mt.Everest. I guess we all can share that feeling. Such thoughts often come to our brains when we are thinking of learning a new tech that’s blooming but completely new to us.

Well, nowadays it gets really easy as I know that in order to get just good at something I need to invest only 20 hours into it. Nothing much is expected from me and I can make myself reliable enough in just 20 good learning hours and that makes the process much more relaxed and in turn really rewarding.

Moving on, I guess with all that background score already set up we can comfortably look into the learning at hand here.

Touch Typing

Mind your typing first !!
Photo by Fabian Irsara on Unsplash

Learning typing should be taken as a very basic skill and I feel it is much equivalent to learning to write your first alphabet letters by hand. You have to remember the key positions, get them into your finger memory and then practice practice practice until one day you know that you are able to glide in finesse on your keyboard.

Allow me to break the learning into two parts.First one will be memorising the key position and positioning your fingers on your keyboard in the most efficient way. Next comes the never ending practice!

Memorising the key positions:-

There are so many websites available online that teaches you this. My personal favourite is That maybe because it was the first site that I reached when i thought of learning typing or maybe because of the great User Interface that they provide that eases the learning process into a very intuitive one.

Mind your typing first !!
User Interface for

After making an account as a student, you will be taken to a page where you can see lessons that will help you getting started just like that. Start by learning the key positions, how to place your fingers on the home row and how to use your thumb for the space bar.

As you will practice more and more and complete the lessons you will progress from beginner to intermediate and later to advanced. This can feel a bit overwhelming at first while you read it but let me show you some calculations that will help getting clear with the learning plan.

We know that we are preparing for 20 hours. That means 1200 mins. If we even invest only 10 mins into learning typing everyday we see that in just 120 days we would reach our goal. 120 days is more or less 4 months.

So you see, in just 4 months with daily practice of 10 mins you will earn a feat that will give you all that nerdy feel with a typing speed that will easily reach to around 70 -75 words per minute. Lets move on to the next phase of our process.

Practice and polish your skill:-

Once you have attained that finger memory and know how to locate keys on the keyboard, you now need to practice, practice hard! so that you can generate speed into your dexterity. is a great place built exactly for that. Quoting the developers from keybr-:
It employs statistics and smart algorithms to automatically generate typing lessons matching your skills.

It helps you find your weaker keys and shows them on the screen in red so that you can contain your focus on them while you type. It also auto generates its lessons such that you are given more opportunity to improve on your weaknesses.

Keybr is a great place to practice and ease finesse. With all that data they take from your typing sessions, they generate many graphs and visuals that you can refer to and also download from the profile section. You can also compete with other typewriters in real time in the multiplayer section. And the best part, they also have a dark mode. Isn’t that amazing : D

Learning how to touch type is a great skill one can learn. It helps you write your code fast, your documents fast, helps you to amaze your friends by yours subtle finger-dance on the keyboard and vert importantly — stand out in the crowd.

Also, just as a proof to my learning, here is a screenshot that shows my present typing speed on keybr. Mind that I did start learning around some 3 months ago and have reached here with just 10 mins everyday.

Mind your typing first !!
Typing metric from

Thanks for reading.

By Avinash Jaiswal




Featured Image Courtesy- Unsplash


About the author :

“Avinash is a Senior Undergrad at NIT Surat, a person who has profound skills in the field of Frontend Engineering. For any kind of query or doubt, reach him out at Linkedin

Why do Rockets love to fail?

Reading Time: 8 minutes

Deepak Kumar
Propulsion Engineer, Dept. of Propulsion, STAR

“Rockets, they really don’t wanna work, they like to blow up a lot”


         – Elon Musk

If you take look at all the List of spaceflight-related accidents and incidents – Wikipedia , you’ll realize there have been countless failures. That the answer to “How many”.


Rockets can fail anytime. Moreover, a rocket isn’t a simple machine at all. A massive structure having around 2.5 billion dynamic parts is likely to fail anytime if any of these parts says, “ I can’t do this anymore, I’m done”.


Coming to some of the well known Rocket Failures, this will help you learn how rockets fail!


1. The Space Shuttle Challenger Disaster

Why do Rockets love to fail?

The spaceflight of Space Shuttle carried a crew of 7 members, when it disintegrated over the Atlantic Ocean. The disintegration was caused due to the failure of one of Solid Rocket Boosters(SRB). The SRB failed during the lift-off.


The failure of SRB was caused due to O-Rings. O-ring is mechanical gasket that is used to create a seal at the interface. And here, that interface was between two fuel segments. O-Ring was designed to avoid the escaping of gases produced due to burning of solid fuel. But extreme cold weather on the morning of launch date, the O-Ring became stiff and it failed to seal the interface.

Why do Rockets love to fail?

This malfunctioning caused a breach at the interface. The escaping gases impinged upon the adjacent SRB aft field joint hardware( hardware joining the SRB to the main structure) and the fuel tank. This led to the separation of the Right Hand SRB’s aft field joint attachment and the structural failure of external tank.

Why do Rockets love to fail?

In the video below, the speaker mentions about the weather being chilly on that morning and icicles formed on the launch pad in the morning. One of SRB is clearly visible making its own way after the failure.

2. The Space Shuttle Columbia Disaster

Unlike the above failure, this failure occurred during the re-entry. But again, the story traces back to the launch. During the launch, a piece of foam broke off from the external fuel tank and struck the left wing of the orbiter.

Why do Rockets love to fail?

This is an image of orbiter’s left wing after being struck by the foam. The foam actually broke off from the bi-pod ramp that connects the orbiter and fuel tank.

Why do Rockets love to fail?

The foam hit the wing at nearly a speed of 877 km/h causing damage to the heat shield below the orbiter. The piece of foam that broke off the external fuel tank was nearly the size of a suitcase and could have likely created a hole of 15–25 cms in diameter.

Why do Rockets love to fail?

The black portion below the nose you see is the carbon heat shield of orbiter.

On Feb 1,2003 during the re-entry, at an altitude of nearly 70 km, temperature of wing edge reached 1650 °C and the hot gases penetrated the wing of orbiter. Immense heat energy caused a lot of dange. At an altitude of nearly 60 km, the sensors started to fail, the radio contact was lost, Columbia was gone out of control and the left wing of the orbiter broke. The crew cabin broke and the vehicle disintegrated.



You can clearly see the vehicle disintegrating. **The video is a big one, hang tight. 😉


3. The N1 Rocket Failure

Not many people know about this programme. It was started in 1969 by the Russians. N1 rocket remains the largest rocket ever built till date. The rocket had its last launch in 1972. During this tenure, the were four launches, all of them failed. Yes you heard it right, ALL OF THEM FAILED.

Why do Rockets love to fail?

Before discussing the failures, there is one thing that I never forget to mention about this rocket. Rockets rely on TVC(Thrust Vector Control) to change the direction of the thrust. The nozzle direction is changed to alter the direction of thrust.

Why do Rockets love to fail?

This is TVC. But in case of N1 Rocket, there was something called Static Thrust Vectoring. There were 30 engines in stage 1, 8 engines in stage 2, 4 engines in stage 3 and 1 in stage 4.

Why do Rockets love to fail?

There were 24 on the outer perimeter and the remaining 6 around the centre.

In order to change the direction of rocket, the thrust was changed in the engines accordingly. The engines didn’t move like TVC at all.

Now coming to the failed launches:

Launch 1:

The engines were monitored by KORD(Control of Rocket Engines). During the initial phase of flight, a transient voltage caused KORD to shut down the engine #12. Simultaneously, engine #24 was shut down to maintain stability of the rocket. At T+6 seconds, pogo oscillation( a type of combustion instability that causes damage to the engine) in the #2 engine tore several components off their mounts and started a propellant leak. At T+25 seconds, further vibrations ruptured a fuel line and caused RP-1 to spill into the aft section of the booster. When it came into contact with the leaking gas, a fire started. The fire then burned through wiring in the power supply, causing electrical arcing which was picked up by sensors and interpreted by the KORD as a pressurization problem in the turbopumps.

Launch 2:

Launch took place at 11:18 PM Moscow time. For a few moments, the rocket lifted into the night sky. As soon as it cleared the tower, there was a flash of light, and debris could be seen falling from the bottom of the first stage. All the engines instantly shut down except engine #18. This caused the N-1 to lean over at a 45-degree angle and drop back onto launch pad 110 East. Nearly 2300 tons of propellant on board triggered a massive blast and shock wave that shattered windows across the launch complex and sent debris flying as far as 6 miles (10 kilometers) from the center of the explosion. Just before liftoff, the LOX turbopump in the #8 engine exploded (the pump was recovered from the debris and found to have signs of fire and melting), the shock wave severing surrounding propellant lines and starting a fire from leaking fuel. The fire damaged various components in the thrust section leading to the engines gradually being shut down between T+10 and T+12 seconds. The KORD had shut off engines #7, #19, #20, and #21 after detecting abnormal pressure and pump speeds. Telemetry did not provide any explanation as to what shut off the other engines. This was one of the largest artificial non-nuclear explosions in human history.

Launch 3:

Soon after lift-off, due to unexpected eddy and counter-currents at the base of Block A (the first stage), the N-1 experienced an uncontrolled roll beyond the capability of the control system to compensate. The KORD computer sensed an abnormal situation and sent a shutdown command to the first stage, but as noted above, the guidance program had since been modified to prevent this from happening until 50 seconds into launch. The roll, which had initially been 6° per second, began rapidly accelerating. At T+39 seconds, the booster was rolling at nearly 40° per second, causing the inertial guidance system to go into gimbal lock and at T+48 seconds, the vehicle disintegrated from structural loads. The interstage truss between the second and third stages twisted apart and the latter separated from the stack and at T+50 seconds, the cutoff command to the first stage was unblocked and the engines immediately shut down. The upper stages impacted about 4 miles (7 kilometers) from the launch complex. Despite the engine shutoff, the first and second stages still had enough momentum to travel for some distance before falling to earth about 9 miles (15 kilometers) from the launch complex and blasting a 15-meter-deep (50-foot) crater in the steppe.


Launch 4:

The start and lift-off went well. At T+90 seconds, a programmed shutdown of the core propulsion system (the six center engines) was performed to reduce the structural stress on the booster. Because of excessive dynamic loads caused by a hydraulic shock wave when the six engines were shut down abruptly, lines for feeding fuel and oxidizer to the core propulsion system burst and a fire started in the boat-tail of the booster; in addition, the #4 engine exploded. The first stage broke up starting at T+107 seconds and all telemetry data ceased at T+110 seconds.

Besides the mechanical failures, the rockets might fail due to a minute discrepancy in program’s as in case of Ariane 5.

Ariane 5: After 37 seconds later, the rocket flipped 90 degrees in the wrong direction, and less than two seconds later, aerodynamic forces ripped the boosters apart from the main stage at a height of 4km. This caused the self-destruct mechanism to trigger, and the spacecraft was consumed in a gigantic fireball of liquid hydrogen.

The fault was quickly identified as a software bug in the rocket’s Inertial Reference System. The rocket used this system to determine whether it was pointing up or down, which is formally known as the horizontal bias, or informally as a BH value. This value was represented by a 64-bit floating variable, which was perfectly adequate.

However, problems began to occur when the software attempted to stuff this 64-bit variable, which can represent billions of potential values, into a 16-bit integer, which can only represent 65,535 potential values. For the first few seconds of flight, the rocket’s acceleration was low, so the conversion between these two values was successful. However, as the rocket’s velocity increased, the 64-bit variable exceeded 65k, and became too large to fit in a 16-bit variable. It was at this point that the processor encountered an operand error, and populated the BH variable with a diagnostic value.

That’s your answer to “why”. Rockets can fail anytime due even a small malfunction in one of those 2.5 billion dynamic parts or even a small programming error.

Hope you enjoyed the writings up there!

Thank You!

Source: Google and Wikipedia



Looking forward to excel in rocket building?

Check out this link Space Technology and Aeronautical Rocketry- STAR


Reading Time: 6 minutesThis is a topic 90% people have being aware of or atleast heard of. So as stated hobbies are the best things to go social and watching cinema is one of most dreamed interest of millions of people. The blog along with minutes of open GD also have potential to act as catalyst to initiate you to begin a journey of cinematic universes beyond our real world. Many people love to watch movies thus this industry have seen a steep increase both in revenue and their service quality i.e. level of entertainment they are packed with.

So, along with numerous movies on various themes like romance, comedy, drama, action a large stream of people are huge fans of watching super heroes movies, so basicaly these movies are tightly packed with thrill and great passion, most of people can easily put themselves in superhero character of movie and hence get influced to a great level, the purpose for which they are intended.

If you are already a pro then it is not neccessary to go throught this paragraph, but still you can.

Now these universes are pure creative works and have their origins in novel, comics, films, television series, animated series, video games, etc. There have being numerous such works in history starting with 1930s Universal Monsters to Unbreakable in 2000 to Marvel Cineamtic Universe in 2008, DC Extended universe in 2013, and newest MonsterVerse in 2014. Among all these shining stars the bightest are THE MARVEL and THE DC.

The paragragh continues 😅😅😅

Let me introduce you Marvel Cinematic Universe (MCU), it is an American media company that majorly produce series of superhero films, the characters of which had appeared in American comics books pulished by Marvel Comics, it also expands to television series, games etc. By now we have 18 films that has been made to show cast the marvel cenematic universe.


Starting from the first release Ironman (2008) we had The Incredible Hulk (2008), Ironman 2 (2010), Thor (2011), Captain America : The First Avenger (2011), The Avengers (2012) in first phase.

In phase two Ironman 3 (2013), Thor: The Dark World (2013), Captain America : The Winter Soldier (2014), Gaurdians of Galaxy (2014), Avengers : Age of Ultrons (2015) and finally Ant-Man (2015) marked end of second phase.

Phase three began with Doctor Strange (2016), Gaudians of Galaxy 2, (2017), Spiderman : Homecoming (2017), Thor : Rangnarok (2017), Black Panther (2018), Avengers : Infinity War (2018), Ant-Man and the Wasp (2018) and the upcoming are Captain Marvel (March 8, 2019) followed by untitled Avenger film or Avengers 4 (May 3, 2019) and to mark end of thrid phase we will have Spider-Man : Far From Home (July 5, 2019).

Each of them are eually packed with ultimate thrill and entertainment and fans can also easily connect between them.

On the counter part we have the DC Universe (DCU) more presicely The DC Extended Universe (DCEU), it is also an American media company owned by Warner Bros Company and produces series of superhero films, the character of which had appeared in American comics books by DC Comics. The initials DC came from the company’s popular series Detective Comics, which featured Batman’s debut and subsequently became part of the company’s name.


The series started with Man of Steel (2013) followed by Batman Vs Superman : Dawn of Justice (2016), Suicide Squad (2016), Wonder Women (2017) and Justice League (2017).

In upcoming we have Aquaman (December 21, 2018), Shazam! (April 5, 2019) followed by Birds of Prey, Cyborg, Wonder Women 1984 and Green Lantern Corps schedeueld in year 2020.

From here begins stuff for pros also. So we basically sat down to restropect the two universes and these are the points that followed-

1. The very first reason over the upper hand of Marvel over DC movies is that they have taken time to set the plot for bigger movies, them had very amazingly made the viewers understand the timeline and worked enough to help them connect between the universes. Whereas DC started with man of steel in 2013, although being a good work but DC needs time to stand.

2. Marvel movies follow a particular style in all, as Kevin Fiegi directs all the films hence one can easily notice the uniformity along with this they have highly popular talents to display the chracter of MCU, they are more realistic, more humor, more variety and every new movie has inherent continuation with the timeline.

Whereas DC has no such particular style, its director Zack Synder and David Iyer many times strife over thier personal work, in other words DC movies individualy are great but as a whole lack continuation and relevence.

3. Marvel even after maintaining uniformity in basic trademarks it keeps variety in other aspects, for example most film have humor in them but one can also experience dark tone, like in Civil War. Whereas DC movies are better known for their intense and dark tone, but to attract more viewers the company in Wonder Women movie unnesessarily added humor in some scenes, that went wrong.


4.Marvel stands apart with its greatest talents in cast the Ironman Mr. Robert Downey Jr, Captain America Mr. Chris Evans, Black Widow Miss. Scarlett Johansson, Thor Mr. Chris Hemsworth and the list continues till the last character, on other hand DC cast include the Wonder women Miss. Gal Gadot, Superman Mr. Christopher Reeve and Mr. Henry Cavil (in Justice league), Batman by Ben Affleck and others, Joker Mr. Heath Andrew Ledge etc.


5. Marvel also have some drawbacks like it doesn’t have copyrights of many of its characters like X-Men, but like the agreement on spiderman with sony it might resolve with Fox for X- men in future but the problems for DC doesn’t seems to settle down in coming future which include bad editing, bad direction, uncertainity, delay in projects, inconsistency, no cooperation with Warner Bros company, etc.

6. But DC also has a huge potential to create its own universe, though we have Ironman, Captain America, Thor, Hulk very famous but if you remember, Superman and Batman were the first super heroes you all have being came to know about. Not only in heroes but DC have highly iconic villians too, even for the greatest fans of ironman, the joker of DC would be more compelling than any other villan in whole industry. Along with him DC has Darkseid, Lex Luthar, Sinestro, etc whereas in counter-part, Marvel have Thanos, Ultron which are not that much wicked compared to DC’s.

7. DC also leads marvel in animated series and TV series, it has produced some most fascinating work in this field, which inculde Justice League, The new Batman Advantures, Superman : The animated series, Green Lantern : The Animated Series  and many more. DC is also fable and unbeatable in comics world, it is reason of survival of DC in movie industry.

8. Also DC have more oscar awards wins than Marvel.

CONCLUSION : We can say from the evaluation why the two giants are called bightest stars in cinema industry. Both have huge potential to compete with each other, and of course it is “WE”, the fans who will decide the fate of Marvel and DC.

Thanks for the time and patience.




Artificial Intelligence boon or curse?????

Reading Time: 3 minutesThis debate on whether artificial intelligence is good or bad would be among most brainstorming debate in CEV history. At one time we were with the idea that artificial intelligence is an ultimate tool for human to make an earth full of good things and in next moment we felt that it is the last human invention. Debate was held on Friday evening, 31 August.

Points followed for increased exploration in this field were-

Artificial Intelligence boon or curse?????




  1. Artificial intelligence is tool for humanity that can prove to be his most ingenious technological advancement and have potential to help us in sustaining our civilisation much longer.
  2. With the aid of their superhuman capability of enormous computation we can employ them to find solutions to compelling questions like how to cure  AIDS/HIV, how to reduce global warming, alternative for fossil fuels, substitute for plastics,how to reduce ozone layer depletion, etc.
  3. We can exploit this technology in those field where there is great risk of human life like space exploration missions, utility and power linemen, firefighters, miners, search and rescue and so on.
  4.  Now since they are non living things we can use them in crummy works which in many cases lead to social indifferences in our society like slaughterhouse workers, sanitation workers, personal transport drivers, embalmer, garbage collector, sewage cleaner, etc.
  5. Artificial intelligence can play its greatest role in pharmaceutical industry like new methods to treat cancer which are less painful, epidemic control, new medicines with fast cure capability and very less side effects which otherwise will require tedious human labor and time.
  6. Technological change may eliminate specific jobs, but it has always created more in the process, we had witnessed it in past.

Points that indicated that artificial intelligence is the greatest threat to human being ever-

Artificial Intelligence boon or curse?????

  1. These machines are now so advanced that they too have feelings, and in case they feel offended by humans they might declare war against us.
  2. These machines are not subject to ageing so a particular machine can increase its capabilities to tremendous extent.
  3. Another big problem is that it will erase all the job opportunity for the middle class people like car drivers, etc.
  4. Facebook artificial robots were made to shut down forcefully as they were found talking to each other in strange language that was not understood by humans. So, this give us glimpses of what they could be capable of in future. A chunk of  communication they had with them-Bob: i can i i everything else . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Alice: balls have zero to me to me to me to me to me to me to me to me to

    Bob: you i everything else . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Conclusion: Currently in the world Artificial intelligence is still debated topic, there is no doubt that they have a great potential to serve human civilization and make life very convenient, like speech recognition, face recognition all these are features of it. Numerous tech-giants like Google, Amazon, Netflix, Facebook,  Pandora, Tesla are currently utilizing it for more user friendly services. But on the same time there have being events and prediction that uncontrolled and injudicious use will some day create danger for us, hence it should be taken care that artificial intelligence should be employed only in those field where their use are indispensable and that too under vigilant supervision.

Artificial Intelligence boon or curse?????

Minutes by-

Rahul, electrical engg.(2nd year), SVNIT.

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Farm Loan Waiver: Is it a good idea or a bad one?

Reading Time: 3 minutes

“To heal the temporary pain of farmers are we overlooking the technological advancement? To know whether loan waiver should be given or not CEV conducted a heated debate on Fri, 10 Aug.”


Farm Loan Waiver: Is it a good idea or a bad one?


The purpose was to analyze the impact of loan waivers on our farmers as well as the growth of the country.

The following points were kept by a group against the provision to the farmers

  • Loan waivers must be replaced by technological solutions to their problem in terms of better irrigational facilities, advanced equipment, etc.
  • Loan waivers is a temporary solution as it has no future aspects.
  • Agriculture is a business and thus is subject to risks like all others hence it doesn’t need any special attention.
  • Doling out farm loan waivers would add to the woes of Indian bank system, which is already reeling under the pressure of NPAs (non-performing assets). So the Indian economy may see a great drawback due to this provision.
  • UPA government in 2008 had announced a loan waiver to all small and marginal farmers across the country, which cost around 60000 crores which is a considerable percentage of our GDP. on the other hand the number of farm suicides had not seen any kind of dip, instead, it has increased.
  • Technologies have lead countries boost their farmer’s conditions, like China employs 300 million farmers but still, it ranks first in world farm production. Israel has only 20% arable land but 95% of its requirement is produced within a country, they and we got independence nearly at the same time but focusing on technological advancement have led them far ahead of us.
  • It is increasing the load on taxpayers.
  • We need to educate our farmers to adapt to new technology for the growth of the country as a whole.
  • In most cases, it has just become a political agenda to grab votes.
  • And just as reservation in India the deserving rarely gets benefited, corruption had killed the true essence of it.

Points to support the provision were as follows:

  • Agriculture is a business but it is subjected to maximum insecurities, the weather, the market, the pests, fire accidents and so on, thus the farmer needs a special consideration from the government.
  • Also, farming is the most basic lifeline industry, hence the involved i.e. farmers should be well-taken care off by govt.
  • Although loan waiver is a temporary solution but is a worth necessary step for ones who are poor and needy.
  • A huge section of India is dependent on farming so for sake of technological advancement we cannot deny their urgent need and risk their life like anything.
  • If working-class society thinks of insurance of their cars even, then why the farmer should be denied to get loan waivers for their failed crops.
  • Adopting the new technologies would be typical for Indian farmers, so bringing new advancements would not also lead us in the same direction as of other countries like Netherlands Australia, Israel, etc.


Considering the current conditions of farmers in India, denying loan waivers for failed crops will create a havoc to the farmers and surely will lead to anguish among farmers for the govt, on the same time spending such a huge sum of money will also lead India nowhere, both technologically and economically.

A responsible committee to ensure that only deserving gets loan waivers should be set up. Technical advancement and conventional methods to lift our farmers must go hand in hand with each other.

Minutes by:


2nd Year,SVNIT.

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